Prague is a very easy city to get around with a great underground Metro system as well as trams and buses.
The Prague public transport system uses three types of tickets – short ride tickets and long ride tickets and passes. Tickets can be bought from ticket machines at all metro stations and newsagents. If you are planning to stay in Prague for a longer period of time, you can purchase 24 or 72-hour tickets. A ticket must be validated (punched) at the entrance to the underground station and on the tram/bus to mark the start of the validation period. Spot inspectors are frequent and tourists are famous targets as many tourists don‘t know the fact that they have to validate a ticket. Tourist Passes – for 1 day 110 CZK, (children and seniors 60-65 years old pay only 55 CZK) or for 3 days 310 CZK.
Prague Airport ShuttleBus – Low cost shuttle service directly to the city centre for just €5.
At every marked stop you will find detailed timetables of the services that stop there. The timetable also usually shows the time it takes for the service to travel between the individual stops. On board the current station and next stop are usually announced. Buttons to open doors are becoming ever more frequent on city transport. They can be found on the doors themselves (on the tram and metro on both sides) or on hand rails inside the vehicle.
Prague Metro – a speedy way to get around Prague, the Prague Metro or underground is clean and efficient. Metro operates daily from 5 a.m. to 12 p.m., on Fridays and Saturdays one hour longer. The time interval between train departures is approximately 3 minutes during the workday rush hours and 5-10 minutes during off-peak hours. The Prague Metro network consists of 3 lines designated by letters and differentiated in colour (Green colour – line A, Yellow -colour line B, Red colour – ine C).
Prague Trams – may be a little slower but are a marvellous way to get around – you can see much more. Each tram stop gives a list of stops for each tram route and a timetable for it (which is absolutely accurate). Night operation is provided by tram numbers 51 to 59 in 30 minutes intervals. The central interchange station for night lines is Lazarska stop.
Prague buses – as Prague’s Metro and tram service are so good, buses are not used that often. The Prague bus service mainly covers the outskirts of the city. Prague’s bus service is quite regular during the day with buses running from 5am until around midnight every day. Bus fares are also very cheap. Prague also has night buses which run when the day buses stop, from midnight to 5am, and the buses run every half hour or so. Night service is provided by bus numbers 501 to 513.
Take a trip on a unique funicular railway with superb views from Petřín Hill. Prague transport tickets can be used on the service. The Funicular to Petrin Hill operates along the route Újezd – Nebozizek – Petrin. The Funicular operates daily from 9:00 a.m. to 11:30 p.m. (April – October) and from 9 a.m. to 11:20 p.m. (November – March) with traffic intervals from 10 to 15 minutes.
Taxis – unfortunately for Prague, its taxi drivers have become a scar on its reputation but getting around Prague by public transportation is so easy and convenient that you may be able to simply forget about taxis. Taxi fares in Prague are regulated by the city authorities. Since 1 January 2007 the following fares have been in operation in Prague: basic tariff – 40 CZK; per kilometre travelled -28 CZK; per minute waiting time – 6 CZK.
Useful Tram and Metro Routes
Tram lines 22, 17 and 14 are the most useful for getting around the centre of Prague. They pass many of the major sights on both sides of the Vltava, so they are also a cheap, pleasant way of sightseeing. Route 22 passes Charles Square, New Town Stops with stops at Národní Třída (next to Tesco), National Theatre, Petřín Hill (Újezd), Lesser Town (Malostranské náměstí) and continues via Prague Castle to Strahov. Route 17 follows the river bank from Vyšehrad, passing New Town (National Theatre), Old Town (Staroměstská), and Jewish Town to the Letná Park. Route 14 runs from Charles Square via Wenceslas Square to Republic Square to the Letná Park. Routes may be diverted in summer during roadworks.
Green Line A is the most useful for tourists, because it covers all the main areas of the city centre – the Lesser Town (Malostranská), the Old Town (Staroměstská) and the New Town – as well as the main shopping area around Wenceslas Square (Můstek and Muzeum stops).
When a tram pulls up to a stop, two different names are announced: the name of the stop you are currently at, and then the name of the stop that’s coming up next. Confused visitors, wondering whether they’ve heard their stop, are notorious for hurrying off the tram one stop too early.
How to Find a Connection to your Hotel?
The easiest way is to visit the website of The Prague Public Transit and search for public transport connections. You might need to use the Czech names of the stations/stops:
Prague main train station = Hlavní nádraží
Central bus station = Florenc
Prague Airport = Terminal 1, or Terminal 2 (according to where you will arrive/depart)
Destination: Enter your address or hotel: Use the name of the hotel, or write down the street address and choose the hotel from the menu. The system will find the closest stop.
If you prefer direct transport to your hotel, you might wish to pre-book an airport or train station transfer online. That gives you peace of mind, that after your arrival you will be welcomed by your driver.
Prague Airport – Prague Airport is a modern and spacious international airport located on the northwest edge of Prague and around 20 km north of the city. Prague’s airport has two main terminals. Terminal 1 is for flights from non-Schengen countries including UK and countries outside of Europe and Terminal 2 is for flights from Schengen countries zone (most of EU countries including Switzerland). Tip: Prague Airport Shuttle – Cheap shutle from / to Prague Airport.
Where to get More Information about Public Transport?
For more information about Prague transportation system visit the below-listed information centres. The information leaflets are available in English, German, French and Russian.
Metro A and C lines, in the Muzeum station underpass. Open daily 7 a.m. – 9 p.m.
Metro B line, in the Můstek station underpass, under Jungmannovo namesti. Open Monday to Friday 7 a.m. – 6 p.m.
Metro B line, Anděl station. Open Monday to Friday 7 a.m. – 6 p.m.
Metro C line, in Nadraží Holešovice station. Open Monday to Friday 7 a.m. – 6 p.m.
Vaclav Havel International Airport, terminals Sever I and II. Open daily 7 a.m. – 10 p.m.
The head office of Prague Public Transportation Corp. is situated at Na Bojišti 5, not far from the I.P. Pavlova metro station, located on the C (red) line.